Information Systems

  1.  Three Posts on a chosen theme related to Information Systems

click now Post 1: Healthcare and information systems

Healthcare is a very important part of our society. On the other word, one of the most important issues is health services.  In recent times, Healthcare concept of the people has undergone a tremendous change, which has led to higher expectations and an increased demand for high quality medical care and facilities

Healthcare information systems capture, store, manage, or transmit information related to the health of individuals or the activities of an organization that work within the health sector. There are many different types of healthcare information systems, including:

  • Operational and tactical systems for easy classification of information.
  • Clinical and administrative systems for managing patient details on an administrative level.
  • Subject and task based systems such as Electronic Medical Records (EMRs).
  • Financial systems for tracking revenue and managing billing submissions.

Benefits of using Healthcare and information Systems (HIS)

The benefits of using the healthcare Information System are:  

· Easy access to doctors data to generate varied records, including classification based on demographic, gender,  age, and so on. It is especially beneficial at ambulatory (out-patient) point, hence enhancing continuity of care.

  • Easy access to doctor’s data to generate varied records, including classification based on demographic, gender, age, and so on.
  • It helps as a decision support system for the hospital authorities for developing comprehensive health care policies.
  • Efficient and accurate administration of finance, diet of patient, engineering, and distribution of medical aid. It helps to view a broad picture of hospital growth.
  • Improved monitoring of drug usage, and study of effectiveness. This leads to the reduction of adverse drug interactions while promoting more appropriate pharmaceutical utilization.
  • Enhances information integrity, reduces transcription errors, and reduces duplication of information entries.  
  • Hospital software is easy to use and eliminates error caused by handwriting.
  • Development of a common clinical database.



Post 2: Marking Information System

The use of a Marketing Information System (MIS) is one approach for dealing with the volumes of market research data created for clients or even to support the use of research data by a small business owner. 

A Marketing Information System or MIS is a highly desirable tool for market researcher professionals since it offers a comprehensive suite of functions. An MIS can be used to identify the type of information that marketing and advertising decision makers need, which is a very significant function. The more common functions of an MIS include the capacity to collect data and then sort it for future access.

Types of Data used in Marketing Information System.

Since an MIS is designed to be a multifunctional system, it can handle several types of data. Several sources provide the MIS with data, and these can be classified as follows:

Acquired databases

Internal company data

Marketing intelligence

Marketing research

The MIS can be set to generate a report series for different categories of decision

Needs Met by a Marketing Information System

  • Acquired databases: A truly enormous amount of information is available in the form of databases, and a surprising body of data can be accessed without cost to companies. 
  • Internal company data: Data from sales and marketing activities are sent to the MIS, and the articulation across the databases enables the production of reports.
  • Marketing intelligence: All of the relevant information about the target marketenvironment can be accessed through smart intelligence activities that monitor competitors’ websites, industry trade publications, and marketplace observations by people in the trenches.
  • Marketing research: The marketing research and data integrated into the MIS includes information from syndicated research reports and custom research reports, which may be derived from secondary research or new primary research.


  1. Solomon, M.R., Marshall, G. W., Stuart, E. W., Smith, J. B. Charlebois, S., & Shah, B. (2013). 
  2. Marketing: Real people, real choices (4th Canadian ed.). Pearson Canada Inc.

Post 3: Information Systems in a Business Organization

Information on sales, client lists, inventory, finances and other aspects of your business needs to be carefully managed. Your information systems can also be important sources of insight for growing your business by containing costs and achieving a competitive advantage. To best leverage data as a company asset, adopt a formal information strategy for your business.

Transaction Processing System

A small business processes transactions that result from day-to-day business operations, such as the creation of paychecks and purchase orders, using a transaction processing system, or TPS. The TPS, unlike a batch system, requires that users interact with the system in real time to direct the system to collect, store, retrieve and modify data.

Management Information System

Small business managers and owners rely on an industry specific management information system, or MIS, to get current and historical operational performance data, such as sales and inventories data. Periodically, the MIS can create prescheduled reports, which company management can use in strategic, tactical and operational planning and operations. For example, an MIS report may be a pie chart that illustrates product sales volume by territory or a graph that illustrates the percentage increase or decrease in a product’s sales over time.

Decision Support System

A decision support system, or DSS, allows small business managers and owners to use predefined or ad hoc reports to support operations planning and problem-resolution decisions. With DSS, users find answers to specific questions as a means to evaluate the possible impact of a decision before it is implemented. The answers to queries may take the form of a data summary report, such as a product revenue by quarter sales report. To conduct an analysis, business owners and managers use an interface, a dashboard to select a particular graphic representation of a key performance indicator that measures the progress toward meeting a specific goal.


  1. nc.: Transaction Processing
  2. Management Information Systems; Avdesh Gupta and Anurag Malik
  3. Techopedia: Decision Support System
  4. Decision Support Systems and Data Warehouses; B. Ravindranath

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